THE HISTORY OF COFFEE – THE PHILOSOPHIC BEVERAGE
Of all the legends that tell the origin of coffee, the most striking is perhaps that of the Kaldi Ethiopian shepherd, who observed his goats chewing berries and leaves of a Coffea plant. The unusual energy and vivacity of the herd convinced the pastor to taste the red berries. Little by little the custom spread and began to prepare an infusion with abrasive and grinded seeds.
The drink was named Kahwa and then Kahve. However it was born, the custom of preparing an energy drink with Coffea berries spread from Ethiopia to Yemen, from Egypt to Damascus, and then to Istanbul.
Coffee in Europe began to circulate only in the sixteenth century, until it became popular in the 17th century with the birth and spread of “coffee houses”. Subsequently, the use of machines for making coffee at home began to spread. Coffee spread throughout all social classes, becoming the daily rite that still permeates our culture and our eating habits. Today, Italy is the undisputed world leader of import-export and official ambassador of the “philosophy” of the press.
Jamaican coffee is, in its turn, a perfect expression of this Italian excellence, with its wisdom in roasting and creating unique and precious blends.
The main coffee consumers in the world
The per-capita consumption of coffee is about 4.5 pounds of grain per year, but it is an average value: there are important differences depending on the geographical area to which reference is made. For example, in the US, the average annual is 4.2. The countries that record the highest consumption are those in Northern Europe: at the top of the ranking there is Finland, with a consumption of 12 kg per capita per year; Followed by Norway (9.9), Iceland (9), Denmark (8.7), Netherlands (8.4) and Sweden (8.2). The first non-European country on the list is Canada, the ninth with a consumption of 6.5kg per year.
Italy is in thirteenth position with a consumption of 5.9 kg. This seemingly low value in comparison to other countries can be explained by the different habits associated with the use of coffee: in Italy, as is well known, the espresso ritual is particularly popular for breakfast and after lunch, while in Northern Europe Tends to consume long coffee, which is drunk more frequently during the day.